#1
https://www.international.gc.ca/trade-commerce/trade-agreements-accords-commerciaux/agr-acc/tpp-ptp/text-texte/17.aspx?lang=eng

Article 17.4: Non-discriminatory Treatment and Commercial Considerations
1. Each Party shall ensure that each of its state-owned enterprises, when engaging in commercial activities:

(a) acts in accordance with commercial considerations in its purchase or sale of a good or service, except to fulfil any terms of its public service mandate that are not inconsistent with subparagraph (c)(ii);
(b) in its purchase of a good or service:
(i) accords to a good or service supplied by an enterprise of another Party treatment no less favourable than it accords to a like good or a like service supplied by enterprises of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party; and
(ii) accords to a good or service supplied by an enterprise that is a covered investment in the Party’s territory treatment no less favourable than it accords to a like good or a like service supplied by enterprises in the relevant market in the Party’s territory that are investments of investors of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party; and
(c) in its sale of a good or service:
(i) accords to an enterprise of another Party treatment no less favourable than it accords to enterprises of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party; and
(ii) accords to an enterprise that is a covered investment in the Party’s territory treatment no less favourable than it accords to enterprises in the relevant market in the Party’s territory that are investments of investors of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party.Footnote 13
2. Each Party shall ensure that each of its designated monopolies:

(a) acts in accordance with commercial considerations in its purchase or sale of the monopoly good or service in the relevant market, except to fulfil any terms of its designation that are not inconsistent with subparagraph (b), (c) or (d);
(b) in its purchase of the monopoly good or service:
(i) accords to a good or service supplied by an enterprise of another Party treatment no less favourable than it accords to a like good or a like service supplied by enterprises of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party; and
(ii) accords to a good or service supplied by an enterprise that is a covered investment in the Party’s territory treatment no less favourable than it accords to a like good or a like service supplied by enterprises in the relevant market in the Party’s territory that are investments of investors of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party; and
(c) in its sale of the monopoly good or service:
(i) accords to an enterprise of another Party treatment no less favourable than it accords to enterprises of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party; and
(ii) accords to an enterprise that is a covered investment in the Party’s territory treatment no less favourable than it accords to enterprises in the relevant market in the Party’s territory that are investments of investors of the Party, of any other Party or of any non-Party; and
(d) does not use its monopoly position to engage in, either directly or indirectly, including through its dealings with its parent, subsidiaries or other entities the Party or the designated monopoly owns, anticompetitive practices in a non-monopolised market in its territory that negatively affect trade or investment between the Parties.Footnote 14
3. Paragraphs 1(b) and 1(c) and paragraphs 2 (b) and 2(c) do not preclude a state-owned enterprise or designated monopoly from:

(a) purchasing or selling goods or services on different terms or conditions including those relating to price; or
(b) refusing to purchase or sell goods or services,
provided that such differential treatment or refusal is undertaken in accordance with commercial considerations.

Article 17.5: Courts and Administrative Bodies
1. Each Party shall provide its courts with jurisdiction over civil claims against an enterprise owned or controlled through ownership interests by a foreign government based on a commercial activity carried on in its territory.Footnote 15 This shall not be construed to require a Party to provide jurisdiction over such claims if it does not provide jurisdiction over similar claims against enterprises that are not owned or controlled through ownership interests by a foreign government.

2. Each Party shall ensure that any administrative body that the Party establishes or maintains that regulates a state-owned enterprise exercises its regulatory discretion in an impartial manner with respect to enterprises that it regulates, including enterprises that are not state-owned enterprises.Footnote 16

Article 17.6: Non-commercial Assistance
1. No Party shall causeFootnote 17 adverse effects to the interests of another Party through the use of non-commercial assistance that it provides, either directly or indirectlyFootnote 18, to any of its state-owned enterprises with respect to:

(a) the production and sale of a good by the state-owned enterprise;
(b) the supply of a service by the state-owned enterprise from the territory of the Party into the territory of another Party; or
(c) the supply of a service in the territory of another Party through an enterprise that is a covered investment in the territory of that other Party or any other Party.
2. Each Party shall ensure that its state enterprises and state-owned enterprises do not cause adverse effects to the interests of another Party through the use of non-commercial assistance that the state enterprise or state-owned enterprise provides to any of its state-owned enterprises with respect to:

(a) the production and sale of a good by the state-owned enterprise;
(b) the supply of a service by the state-owned enterprise from the territory of the Party into the territory of another Party; or
(c) the supply of a service in the territory of another Party through an enterprise that is a covered investment in the territory of that other Party or any other Party.
3. No Party shall cause injury to a domestic industryFootnote 19 of another Party through the use of non-commercial assistance that it provides, either directly or indirectly, to any of its state-owned enterprises that is a covered investment in the territory of that other Party in circumstances where:

(a) the non-commercial assistance is provided with respect to the production and sale of a good by the state-owned enterprise in the territory of the other Party; and
(b) a like good is produced and sold in the territory of the other Party by the domestic industry of that other Party.Footnote 20
4. A service supplied by a state-owned enterprise of a Party within that Party’s territory shall be deemed not to cause adverse effects.Footnote 21


...

Footnote 13
Article 17.4.1 (Non-discriminatory Treatment and Commercial Considerations) shall not apply with respect to the purchase or sale of shares, stock or other forms of equity by a state-owned enterprise as a means of its equity participation in another enterprise.
Footnote 14
For greater certainty, a Party may comply with the requirements of this subparagraph through the enforcement or implementation of its generally applicable national competition laws and regulations, its economic regulatory laws and regulations, or other appropriate measures.
Footnote 15
This paragraph shall not be construed to preclude a Party from providing its courts with jurisdiction over claims against enterprises owned or controlled through ownership interests by a foreign government other than those claims referred to in this paragraph.
Footnote 16
For greater certainty, the impartiality with which an administrative body exercises its regulatory discretion is to be assessed by reference to a pattern or practice of that administrative body.
Footnote 17
For the purposes of paragraphs 1 and 2, it must be demonstrated that the adverse effects claimed have been caused by the non-commercial assistance. Thus, the non-commercial assistance must be examined within the context of other possible causal factors to ensure an appropriate attribution of causality.
Footnote 18
For greater certainty, indirect provision includes the situation in which a Party entrusts or directs an enterprise that is not a state-owned enterprise to provide non-commercial assistance.
Footnote 19
The term β€œdomestic industry” refers to the domestic producers as a whole of the like good, or to those domestic producers whose collective output of the like good constitutes a major proportion of the total domestic production of the like good, excluding the state-owned enterprise that is a covered investment that has received the non-commercial assistance referred to in this paragraph.
Footnote 20
In situations of material retardation of the establishment of a domestic industry, it is understood that a domestic industry may not yet produce and sell the like good. However, in these situations, there must be evidence that a prospective domestic producer has made a substantial commitment to commence production and sales of the like good.
Footnote 21
For greater certainty, this paragraph shall not be construed to apply to a service that itself is a form of non-commercial assistance.

...

Article 17.9: Party-Specific Annexes1. Article 17.4 (Non-discriminatory Treatment and Commercial Considerations) and Article 17.6 (Non-commercial Assistance) shall not apply with respect to the non-conforming activities of state-owned enterprises or designated monopolies that a Party lists in its Schedule to Annex IV in accordance with the terms of the Party’s Schedule.

2. Article 17.4 (Non- discriminatory Treatment and Commercial Considerations), Article 17.5 (Courts and Administrative Bodies), Article 17.6 (Non-commercial Assistance) and Article 17.10 (Transparency) shall not apply with respect to a Party’s state-owned enterprises or designated monopolies as set out in Annex 17-D (Application to Sub-Central State-Owned Enterprises and Designated Monopolies).

3.

(a) In the case of Singapore, Annex 17-E (Singapore) shall apply.
(b) In the case of Malaysia, Annex 17-F (Malaysia) shall apply.

Article 17.10: TransparencyFootnote 26, Footnote 27
1. Each Party shall provide to the other Parties or otherwise make publicly available on an official website a list of its state-owned enterprises no later than six months after the date of entry into force of this Agreement for that Party, and thereafter shall update the list annually.Footnote 28, Footnote 29

2. Each Party shall promptly notify the other Parties or otherwise make publicly available on an official website the designation of a monopoly or expansion of the scope of an existing monopoly and the terms of its designation.Footnote 30

3. On the written request of another Party, a Party shall promptly provide the following information concerning a state-owned enterprise or a government monopoly, provided that the request includes an explanation of how the activities of the entity may be affecting trade or investment between the Parties:

(a) the percentage of shares that the Party, its state-owned enterprises or designated monopolies cumulatively own, and the percentage of votes that they cumulatively hold, in the entity;
(b) a description of any special shares or special voting or other rights that the Party, its state-owned enterprises or designated monopolies hold, to the extent these rights are different than the rights attached to the general common shares of the entity;
(c) the government titles of any government official serving as an officer or member of the entity’s board of directors;
(d) the entity’s annual revenue and total assets over the most recent three year period for which information is available;
(e) any exemptions and immunities from which the entity benefits under the Party’s law; and
(f) any additional information regarding the entity that is publicly available, including annual financial reports and third-party audits, and that is sought in the written request.
4. On the written request of another Party, a Party shall promptly provide, in writing, information regarding any policy or programme it has adopted or maintains that provides for non-commercial assistance, provided that the request includes an explanation of how the policy or programme affects or could affect trade or investment between the Parties.

5. When a Party provides a response pursuant to paragraph 4, the information it provides shall be sufficiently specific to enable the requesting Party to understand the operation of and evaluate the policy or programme and its effects or potential effects on trade or investment between the Parties. The Party responding to a request shall ensure that the response it provides contains the following information:

(a) the form of the non-commercial assistance provided under the policy or programme, for example, grant or loan;
(b) the names of the government agencies, state-owned enterprises, or state enterprises providing the non-commercial assistance and the names of the state-owned enterprises that have received or are eligible to receive the non-commercial assistance;
(c) the legal basis and policy objective of the policy or programme providing for the non-commercial assistance;
(d) with respect to goods, the amount per unit of the non-commercial assistance or, in cases where this is not possible, the total amount or the annual amount budgeted for the non-commercial assistance, indicating, if possible, the average amount per unit in the previous year;
(e) with respect to services, the total amount or the annual amount budgeted for the non-commercial assistance, indicating, if possible, the total amount in the previous year;
(f) with respect to policies or programmes providing for non-commercial assistance in the form of loans or loan guarantees, the amount of the loan or amount of the loan guaranteed, interest rates, and fees charged;
(g) with respect to policies or programmes providing for non-commercial assistance in the form of the provision of goods or services, the prices charged, if any;
(h) with respect to policies or programmes providing for non-commercial assistance in the form of equity capital, the amount invested, the number and a description of the shares received, and any assessments that were conducted with respect to the underlying investment decision;
(i) duration of the policy or programme or any other time-limits attached to it; and
(j) statistical data permitting an assessment of the effects of the non-commercial assistance on trade or investment between the Parties. (...)
Article 17.11: Technical Cooperation
The Parties shall, where appropriate and subject to available resources, engage in mutually agreed technical cooperation activities, including:

(a) exchanging information regarding Parties’ experiences in improving the corporate governance and operation of their state-owned enterprises;
(b) sharing best practices on policy approaches to ensure a level playing field between state-owned and privately owned enterprises, including policies related to competitive neutrality; and
(c) organising international seminars, workshops or any other appropriate forum for sharing technical information and expertise related to the governance and operations of state-owned enterprises.

Article 17.12: Committee on State-Owned Enterprises and Designated MonopoliesFootnote 31
1. The Parties hereby establish a Committee on State-Owned Enterprises and Designated Monopolies (Committee), composed of government representatives of each Party.

2. The Committee’s functions shall include:

(a) reviewing and considering the operation and implementation of this Chapter; (...)


...

Footnote 26
This Article shall not apply to Brunei Darussalam with respect to the Entities listed in the entry at Annex IV – Brunei Darussalam - 4 that engage in the non-conforming activities described in that entry.
Footnote 27
This Article shall not apply to Viet Nam with respect to the Entities listed in:
(a) the entry at Annex IV – Viet Nam – 8 that engage in the non-conforming activities described in that entry, until that entry ceases to have effect; and
(b) the entry at Annex IV – Viet Nam – 10 that engage in the non-conforming activities described in that entry.
Footnote 28
For Brunei Darussalam, this paragraph shall not apply until five years from the date of entry into force of this Agreement for Brunei Darussalam. Separately, within three years after the date of entry into force of this Agreement, Brunei Darussalam shall provide to the other Parties or otherwise make publicly available on an official website a list of its state-owned enterprises that have an annual revenue derived from their commercial activities of more than SDR 500 million in one of the three preceding years, and shall thereafter update the list annually, until the obligation in this paragraph applies and replaces this obligation.
Footnote 29
For Viet Nam and Malaysia, this paragraph shall not apply until five years from the date of entry into force of this Agreement for Viet Nam and Malaysia, respectively. Separately, within six months after the date of entry into force of this Agreement for Viet Nam and Malaysia, respectively, each Party shall provide to the other Parties or otherwise make publicly available on an official website a list of its state-owned enterprises that have an annual revenue derived from their commercial activities of more than SDR 500 million in one of the three preceding years, and shall thereafter update the list annually, until the obligation in this paragraph applies and replaces this obligation.
Footnote 30
Paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 shall not apply to Viet Nam with respect to the Entities listed in the entry at Annex IV – Viet Nam – 9 that engage in the non-conforming activities described in that entry.
Footnote 31
Article 17.12 (Committee on State-Owned Enterprises and Designated Monopolies) shall not apply to Viet Nam with respect to the Entities listed in:
(a) the entry at Annex IV – Viet Nam – 8 that engage in the non-conforming activities described in that entry, until that entry ceases to have effect; and
(b) the entry at Annex IV – Viet Nam – 10 that engage in the non-conforming activities described in that entry.

#2
This section requires SEOs to act in accordance with the profit motive. Consider the exemption section Annex 17-D.

The exemptions are summarized:



I think these countries can be grouped in the following 4 categories.

Removing rows in which all countries which aren't Brunei or Singapore are included or all excluded, the categories are summarized:



1. Vietnam and Malaysia.

These countries are given the most exemptions. They are exempted from everything except 17.5.1 and 17.6.3 (a) and (b), which stipulate that neither of these countries can provide grants or loans to an SEO of another CPTPP country.

2. Japan, New Zealand Canada, and the u.s.

17.5.2 are applied to Japan and New Zealand. 17.5.2 indicates that SEOs need to act in accordance with the class interests of the bourgeoisie.

Although Canada is exempt from 17.5.2, the SEOs are put under scrutiny in 17.4.1 c (ii) which indicates that they need to behave as stipulated in 17.5.2 when selling goods.

17.4.3 is applied to these countries, which indicates that SEOs have to obey market laws (buying at proper price and selling when possible).

parts of 17.10 (Transparency) are applied to these countries.

Additionally, 17.6.3 is applied to the u.s. which restricts the govt's relations with foreign SEOs to market relations (as in category (1)).

3. Australia, Chile, Mexico, and Peru

These countries are subjected to all the reforms so far mentioned (except Mexico is exempt from 17.10 (Transparency)). Importantly, 17.4.1 (c) (ii) and 17.4.3 indicate that SEOs must behave according to market laws and 17.5.2 indicates that this behaviour is reinforced within any govt oversight. 17.6.3 on foreign relations is applied.

4. Brunei and Singapore

Singapore's sovreign wealth funds are exempt from 17.4.1 and 17.6.2 and Brunei is partially exempt from 17.10 (Transparency). These are the only exemptions. These countries, in addition to everything mentioned above, are required to further adhere to market behaviours in the administration of SEOs including avoiding "anticompetitive" pracices.
#3
#4
hahahha